Urban gardening is the process of growing plants of all types and varieties in an urban environment. Urban gardening, which is also known as urban horticulture or urban agriculture, encompasses several unique gardening concepts.


If you live in an urban area, there are certain things that seem like they may be impossible, such as having a yard to enjoy or finding a place to park your car, but gardening does not have to be one of those things. Urban gardening is the practice of growing plants in an urban environment. You may be surprised to know that urban gardening has a positive impact on the economy, the environment, and food security.





With the many benefits of urban farming and all that local-food production has to offer, it’s important that we continue to spread awareness about how individuals and communities can establish a foundation of improved health, social interaction, and economic prosperity.


Here are five benefits of urban farming:


  1. Increases Food Security

Food security is having access to and being able to afford nutritious, safe food—and enough of it. This is a major concern for many families all over the world. Fortunately, urban farming contributes to greater food security.


  1. Creates a Sense of Belonging

Urban farming is one way to bring urban dwellers together—to establish a sense of community among people otherwise independent and, in some cases, isolated.


  1. Produces Healthy Food You Can Respect

You get fresher, healthier food—herbs, vegetables and fruits—and are more likely to eat what’s in a season when you eat what’s produced on an urban farm.


  1. Provides a Learning Opportunity

Urban farms give city dwellers a chance to produce their own food and learn in the process. They learn about various gardening techniques, the best nutrient solutions, required sunlight, and controlling temperature, among other things.


  1. Makes Efficient Use of Land

We can efficiently use the land we do have to feed the people. Consider rooftop or vertical gardens: they take up minimal space but produce tons of fresh, healthy food. Many hydroponics systems are set up vertically, to ft anywhere even indoors!




More recently, urban gardening is used for more than just food security. People find solace in having plants in the home and office, as well as increasing their general emotional and social well-being while reducing stress levels. It may seem silly, but as a result of urban gardening people actually become more physically active as well as there is much to do to maintain a garden, such as tilling soil or digging holes. In some cases, urban gardening is done in a communal place, like a rooftop where every person gets a designated area where they can sow their plants. Even the simple act of planting a plant on a balcony or window sill is a great way to become an active urban gardener.


Growing your own food saves household expenditures on food; poor people in poor countries generally spend a substantial part of their income (50 – 70%) on food. Growing the relatively expensive vegetables, therefore, saves money as well as on bartering of produce. Selling produce (fresh or processed) brings in the cash.


Socially, Urban agriculture may function as an important strategy for poverty alleviation and social integration. We mentioned earlier the positive stimulus it may give to women. Several examples exist of municipalities or NGOs that have initiated urban agriculture projects that involve disadvantaged groups such as orphans, disabled people, women, recent immigrants without jobs, or elderly people, with the aim to integrate them more strongly into the urban network and to provide them with a decent livelihood.


Furthermore, urban agriculture may also positively impact upon the greening and cleaning of the city by turning derelict open spaces into green zones and maintaining buffer and reserve zones free of housing, with positive impacts on the micro-climate (shade, temperature, sequestration of CO2).




A growing number of cities are designing policies and programs on urban agriculture, applying multi-stakeholder planning approaches to identify effective ways to integrate urban agriculture into urban sector policies and urban land use planning and to facilitate the development of safe and sustainable and multi-functional urban agriculture. Urban agriculture has the potential to become a dynamic economic sector that quickly adapts to changing urban conditions and demands, intensifying its productivity and diversifying its functions for the city. The governmental policy should create the proper framework conditions for optimal development of the social, economic and ecological benefits of urban agriculture, whilst reducing negative effects on public health and environment that some types of urban agriculture can have if improperly managed or not well located.

The sustainability of urban agriculture is closely related to its contributions to the development of a sustainable and resilient city that is socially inclusive, food-secure, productive and environmentally-healthy.


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