Hypertension or High Blood Pressure is a condition where, your heart pumps the blood constantly at high pressure, also known as Blood Pressure, over a long period of time which can cause various heart problems. Narrow arteries have higher resistance. The more blood the heart pumps, the narrower the arteries, hence, higher blood pressure. Normal blood pressure is 120 over 80 mm of mercury (mmHg), but hypertension is higher than 130 over 80 mmHg.


Hypertension is a very common condition and affects millions of, both young and older people, worldwide. It develops over a course of several years, usually with no apparent symptoms. But, even without symptoms, it can continue to damage your vessels and organs, like, eyes, kidneys, and heart. Fortunately, high blood pressure can easily be detected, with or without symptoms, by consulting your doctor and monitoring and comparing your heartbeat over the weeks. Once it has been detected, your doctor can help you control it with medications or prevention.


Hypertension or High Blood Pressure is generally a silent condition. Many people won’t experience any symptoms. It may take years or even decades for the condition to reach levels severe enough that symptoms become obvious. Even then, these symptoms may be attributed to other issues.

Symptoms of severe hypertension can include:


– headaches

– shortness of breath

– nosebleeds

– flushing

– dizziness

– chest pain

– visual changes

– blood in the urine


These symptoms require immediate medical attention. They don’t occur in everyone with hypertension, but waiting for a symptom of this condition to appear could be fatal.


The best way to know if you have hypertension is to get regular blood pressure readings. Most doctors’ offices take a blood pressure reading at every appointment.



There are two types of hypertension. Each type has a different cause.



  • Primary hypertension


Primary hypertension is also called essential hypertension. This kind of hypertension develops over time with no identifiable cause. Most people have this type of high blood pressure.

A combination of factors may play a role in this type of hypertension. These factors include:


– Genes: Some people are genetically predisposed to hypertension. This may be from gene mutations or genetic abnormalities inherited from your parents.

– Physical changes: If something in your body changes, you may begin experiencing issues throughout your body. For example, it’s thought that changes in your kidney function due to aging may upset the body’s natural balance of salts and fluid. This change may cause your body’s blood pressure to increase.

– Environment: Over time, unhealthy can lead to weight problems. Being overweight or obese can increase your risk of hypertension.


  • Secondary hypertension


Secondary hypertension often occurs quickly and can become more severe than primary hypertension. Several conditions that may cause secondary hypertension include:


– kidney disease

– obstructive sleep apnea

– congenital heart defects

– problems with your thyroid

– side effects of medications

– use of illegal drugs

– alcohol or tobacco use

– adrenal gland problems

– certain endocrine tumors

Other than that, risk factors increase the chances of having hypertension which include:


– Age

– Ethnicity

– Physical Inactivity

– a salt-rich diet associated with processed and fatty foods

– Low Potassium in the diet

A family history of high blood pressure and poorly managed stress can also contribute.




  • Diagnosis


There is no rocket science involved in diagnosing Hypertension. It’s as simple as taking a blood pressure reading via digital blood pressure machine or visiting your doctor. These readings are then monitored and compared over the course of time.


If your blood pressure remains high, your doctor will likely conduct more tests to rule out underlying conditions. These tests can include:


– urine test

– cholesterol screening and other blood tests

– Test of your heart’s electrical activity with an electrocardiogram (EKG, sometimes referred to as an ECG)

– ultrasound of your heart or kidneys

These tests can help your doctor identify any secondary issues causing your elevated blood pressure. They can also look at the effects high blood pressure may have had on your organs.



  • Treatment


While blood pressure is best regulated through the diet before it reaches the stage of hypertension, there is a range of treatment options.

Lifestyle adjustments are the standard first-line treatment for hypertension.


– Regular physical exercise

– Stress reduction

– Using alcohol, drugs, smoking, and unhealthy eating to cope with stress will add to hypertensive problems.


People with blood pressure higher than 130 over 80 may use medication to treat hypertension.


Drugs are usually started one at a time at a low dose. Side effects associated with antihypertensive drugs are usually minor. Eventually, a combination of at least two antihypertensive drugs is usually required.

A range of drug types is available to help lower blood pressure, including:


– diuretics, including thiazides, chlorthalidone, and indapamide

– beta-blockers and alpha-blockers

– calcium-channel blockers

– central agonists

– peripheral adrenergic inhibitor

– vasodilators

– angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors

– angiotensin receptor blockers


The choice of drug depends on the individual and any other conditions they may have.



Uncontrolled high blood pressure can lead to complications including:


– Heart attack or stroke

– Aneurysm: Increased blood pressure can cause your blood vessels to weaken and bulge, forming an aneurysm

– Heart failure

– Weakened and narrowed blood vessels in your kidneys: This can prevent these organs from functioning normally.

– Thickened, narrowed or torn blood vessels in the eyes: This can result in vision loss.

– Metabolic syndrome: This syndrome is a cluster of disorders of your body’s metabolism.

– The trouble with memory or understanding: Uncontrolled high blood pressure may also affect your ability to think, remember and learn.

Hypertension is fatal and must be treated as early as possible so, regular blood pressure readings are necessary for everyone to avoid complications.


For more health-related information and products, visit: www.thevitamincompany.com


Facebook Comments